Scone Palace Scotland
命运之石，又称斯康之石，重152公斤，神秘而富传奇色彩。相传它是达尔里阿达第36任国王肯尼斯一世的加冕石。而历史学家的观点则是，Erc之子费格斯将这块神圣的石头从爱尔兰带至阿盖尔郡（英国苏格兰原郡名），并在其上加冕。孰是孰非，终成烟云。无论来源如何，命运之石终在Moot Hill安家落户，在苏格兰历代国王的加冕礼上，见证他们指天誓地，直到13世纪末才悄然退场。据说Moot Hill是由来这里参加国王加冕仪式的贵族带来的泥土堆砌而成，这些贵族会在靴子里面装满自己领土的泥土来到这里参加仪式，表示对国王权力的认可。
The Crowning Place Of Scottish Kings
Scone Palace has an exciting and colourful history as one of Scotland‘s most important stately homes. Fifteen hundred years ago it was the capital of the Picts.In the intervening centuries, it has been the seat of parliaments and the crowning place of the Kings of Scots, including Macbeth and Robert The Bruce. The Palace houses an outstanding collection of antiques, paintings and rare artifacts and the grounds are renowned throughout the world, making the stately home one of the most popular tourist attractions in both Perth and Scotland.
The hereditary Earl of Mansfield has been living in Scone Palace for over 400 years, producing various boutiques with the timespan for more than four centuries. Refined French furniture, exquisite accessories, colorful ceramics from the oriental, western clocks, tall grizzly bear spoils of war, the crowns, lots of carved ivory crafts… Sometimes one may find the family shot of the Earls’, each one beaming and content.
When you visit the Palace you are walking in the footsteps of Scotland’s ancient founding fathers, both pagan and Christian. It was an important religious gathering place of the Picts, it was the site of an early Christian church and it housed the Stone of Destiny.
The Stone of Scone, also known as the Stone of Destiny, comes wrapped in myth and legend. Tradition has it that it was the coronation stone of Kenneth MacAlpin, the 36th King of Dalriada.But the historical view is that Fergus, son of Erc brought the revered stone from Ireland to Argyll, and was crowned on it. Whatever the origin, the Stone of Destiny was placed on the Moot Hill and used in the coronations of the Kings of Scots until the end of the 13th century.
Robert the Bruce was crowned at Scone in 1306 and the last coronation was of Charles II, when he accepted the Scottish crown in 1651.
In 1296 the Stone of Destiny was captured by Edward I as spoils of war and taken to Westminster Abbey, where it was fitted into a wooden chair, known as King Edward‘s Chair, on which most subsequent English sovereigns have been crowned.
On Christmas Day 1950, a group of four Scottish students reclaimed the Stone from Westminster Abbey. In the process of removing it however, the stone broke into two pieces. Taking the larger piece the students risked road blocks on the border and returned to Scotland.The smaller piece was eventually brought north and the Stone of Destiny was repaired by Glasgow stonemason Robert Gray.
A major search for the stone had been ordered by the British Government, but this proved unsuccessful. Perhaps assuming that the Church would not return it to England, the stone‘s custodians left it on the altar of Arbroath Abbey, on 11 April 1951, in the safekeeping of the Church of Scotland.Once the London police were informed of its whereabouts, the Stone of Scone was returned to Westminster.Afterwards, rumours circulated that copies had been made of the Stone, and that the returned Stone was not in fact the original.
In 1996, the Stone was finally restored to the people of Scotland when the British Government moved it to Edinburgh Castle. The Stone of Destiny was last used at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II and so it still performs its ancient duty, and to far greater effect, making not only the monarch of the Scots but of Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
Although Scotland is crude, Scone Palace is still like a jasper, tender and graceful. Walls of boston ivies cover its surface which has gone through twists and turns. The back garden, with over 400 years of history, houses proud peacocks in colorful feathers. “Thank all, and thank each one present here to attend the coronation ceremony, upon our invitation, here in Scone Palace.”These classical words in Macbeth by Shakespeare definitely highlight Scone Palace in the long history of Scotland.